lundi 30 juin 2014

HSJ Live 01.07.2014: Clinical practice key to NHS energy targets

HSJ Live 01.07.2014: Clinical practice key to NHS energy targets

Clinicians integral to NHS meeting steep carbon reduction targets, plus the rest of today’s news and comment.

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act catalyses unprecedented collaboration between health care, public health

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, signed into law by US President Barack Obama in 2010, can advance public health in the USA by supporting increased emphasis on prevention, and reversing the historic division between public health and private health care services, according to the authors of new research.

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act catalyses unprecedented collaboration between health care, public health

Dramatic slowdown in growth of US health expenditure over last decade closes gap between USA, other high-spending countries

Growth in health expenditure in the USA slowed dramatically between 2000 and 2011, bringing the growth rate of the country's health budget in line with other high-spending countries, according to new research. OECD warns that "more and bigger" efforts will be needed to contain US health budget to prevent reversal of recent slowdown in health spending growth as economic growth improves

Dramatic slowdown in growth of US health expenditure over last decade closes gap between USA, other high-spending countries

ACP recommends against pelvic exam in asymptomatic, average risk, non-pregnant women

ACP's new evidence-based guideline finds that harms of screening pelvic examination outweigh any demonstrated benefits. ACP's guideline is based on a systematic review of the published literature on human subjects in the English language from 1946 through January 2014.

ACP recommends against pelvic exam in asymptomatic, average risk, non-pregnant women

Using geometry, researchers coax human embryonic stem cells to organize themselves

By confining colonies of human embryonic stem cells to tiny circular patterns on glass plates, researchers have for the first time coaxed them into organizing themselves just as they would under natural conditions.

Using geometry, researchers coax human embryonic stem cells to organize themselves

Body odor reveals malarial infection

An infection with malaria pathogens changes the scent of infected mice, making those infected more attractive to mosquitoes, according to a new study. Researchers show that whether mosquitoes find the right victim to bite is not left to chance by the pathogen. Instead, the plasmodium parasite appears to manipulate its host by changing the characteristics of the infected individual's body odour, which makes the carrier more attractive to hungry mosquitoes.

Body odor reveals malarial infection

Evolution of life’s operating system revealed in detail

The evolution of the ribosome, a large molecular structure found in the cells of all species, has been revealed in unprecedented detail in a new study.

Evolution of life’s operating system revealed in detail

Surgical treatment for metastatic melanoma of the liver increases overall survival

Surgical resection markedly improves survival among metastatic melanoma patients whose disease is isolated to a few areas in the liver, according to a new study. The bottom line, according the researchers, is that surgeons should discuss surgical resection for the treatment of melanoma liver metastases with their patients if their disease is limited to a few areas in the liver, their overall health status is good, and the disease is indolent or the patients are responding to systemic therapy.

Surgical treatment for metastatic melanoma of the liver increases overall survival

In human evolution, changes in skin's barrier set northern Europeans apart

The popular idea that northern Europeans developed light skin to absorb more UV light so they could make more vitamin D -- vital for healthy bones and immune function -- is questioned by researchers in a new study. Ramping up the skin’s capacity to capture UV light to make vitamin D is indeed important, however, researchers concluded in their study that changes in the skin’s function as a barrier to the elements made a greater contribution than alterations in skin pigment in the ability of northern Europeans to make vitamin D.

In human evolution, changes in skin's barrier set northern Europeans apart

Are you seen as a jerk at work? Many people are oblivious to how they come across to counterparts and colleagues

New research shows that many people seen by others as under-assertive or over-assertive think they're appropriately assertive. The study also reveals that people seen as getting assertiveness right often mistakenly think they've gotten it wrong.

Are you seen as a jerk at work? Many people are oblivious to how they come across to counterparts and colleagues